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  1. Comment by admin

    To leave a comment, question or suggestion, type in the box below and click Submit.

  2. Comment by Samantha Tengelitsch

    This is a great website! Thank-you for your help with the difference between nectar and pollen!

  3. Comment by Dolcevita

    Difference between “assume” and “presume”. They mean the same to me!

  4. Comment by admin

    Hi Dolcevita.
    There are lots of explanations on the web, which you probably found through the special search box at the top of this page, but they tend to be long and wordy and leave you feeling there isn’t much difference at all! We try to keep things simple, clear and accurate on this site. So here goes:

    The difference between presume and assume is very small and usually it doesn’t matter which word you use. But sometimes only one is correct. Take a look at this example:

    A defendant is presumed innocent until proven guilty.

    It would be wrong to use ‘assumed’ here instead – If the defendant was assumed to be innocent, why would anyone recommend prosecution in the first place?
    Assume and presume both mean ‘believe’ or ‘take for granted’ but presume implies a temporary belief before the belief is tested. That’s why it begins with ‘pre-‘ (which means ‘before’).

    There are other situations where assumed is usually better: situations where you aren’t thinking of testing the assumption.

    We assume that what we see is real.

    We assume that if we see a brick wall, the wall is really there. Most of us will not test this assumption by hurling ourselves against the wall! That’s why most people would use ‘assume’ here rather than ‘presume’.

    ‘Oh! I assumed the lady was your daughter!’ (It wasn’t something I intended to check out.)

    People who make presumptions in social situations without bothering to test or check them are sometimes called presumptuous. For example, if you presume it’s OK to treat your stuffy old boss like an equal without testing their preference first, he/she may consider you presumptuous.

    I hope that helps.

  5. Comment by SAM AWAN

    What is the difference between network security and web security?

  6. Comment by Bob

    I want to say the letter, s. Do I say “A ‘s'” or “An ‘s'”? For instance using SPCA in sentence: A SPCA office or An SPCA office? Which is correct? Or are they both correct?

  7. Comment by admin

    “An SBCA office”.
    Whether you say ‘a’ or ‘an’ depends on the sound that follows it, not on the spelling. So although the letter s is not a vowel, it begins with a vowel sound when spoken. Another example is ‘an x-ray’.

  8. Comment by yadollah

    it is very useful and interesting

  9. Comment by Noah

    When was this site created?

  10. Comment by admin


  11. Comment by moi

    what is the differance between afraid&scared ?

  12. Comment by admin

    Moi. The meaning and use of afraid and scared are both very similar. For example ‘He was afraid of dogs‘ or ‘He was scared of dogs’. But we can’t use ‘afraid’ with ‘by’:
    ‘She was scared by the sudden appearance of a big dog.’
    We can use ‘scared‘ before a noun – ‘a scared animal’, ‘a scared little boy’ but we don’t use ‘afraid‘ before a noun.

  13. Comment by moi

    thanks a lot. you really helped me

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